Model Program

PASS (Portable Assisted Study Sequence)

27 Lackawanna Avenue
Mt. Morris, NY 14510
http://www.migrant.net/pass

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Contact Information:
Ms. Sally G. Fox
Coordinator
800.245.5681
sallyfox@gvboces.org

Program Specification:

Emphasis:

Gender:

Rating:

Prevention
Intervention
Recovery/Reentry

Both

Moderate Evidence of Effectiveness

Age/Grade Level:

Target Settings:

Target Groups:

Middle School
High School
Adult

Rural
Urban
Suburban
Inner City
Tribal

Individuals
Clusters/Groups
Grade Level

Ethnicity:

Other Participation Criteria:

All Ethnicities

Description:

The National PASS Center (NPC) serves as a national clearinghouse and coordinating center for bringing PASS (Portable Assisted Study Sequence) courses into alignment with current academic learning standards. Located in western New York as part of the Geneseo Migrant Center, the NPC is charged with overseeing the development of academically rigorous yet accessible and cost-effective courses, providing support materials and trainings, and acting as a resource for information on program implementation, promising practices, and state contacts. The NPC is funded by state participation and distribution site license fees, as well as periodic, course-specific grants from various entities.

Program Descriptors Include:
Academic Improvement, Alternative Education, Bi-lingual/ESL, Credit Recovery, Extended-School/Summer Program, Mentoring/Tutoring, Students with Disabilities, Study Skills

Strategies for Locating Students:
Unspecified

Starting Date: 1978
Students Served Per Year: 500+
Reenrolled Students with Disabilities: 1-5%
Last Verified: 2010

Risk Factors:

Protective Factors:

Program addresses the following:

Individual factors

  • High number of work hours
  • High-risk peer group
  • Low achievement
  • Retention/overage for grade
  • Poor attendance
  • Low educational expectations
  • No extracurricular participation

Family factors

  • Low socioeconomic status
  • High family mobility
  • Low education level of parents
  • Large number of siblings
  • Not living with both natural parents
  • Family disruption
  • Low educational expectations
  • Sibling(s) has dropped out
  • Low contact with school
  • Lack of conversations about school

School factors

  • Limited resources: expenditures per student/ teacher salaries/ student-teacher ratios
  • School size: too small/too large
  • Race/ethnicity
  • School math achievement
  • School policies and practices
  • Student engagement
  • Teacher expectations

Community factors

  • Family composition/socioeconomic status
  • Local labor market/neighborhood stability
  • Youth social attitudes

Program promotes the following:

Relationships

  • Presence and involvement of caring, supportive adults
  • Opportunities and rewards for pro-social involvement
  • Good relationships with parents, peers, and teachers
  • Perception of support from adults and peers

Independence

  • Healthy/conventional beliefs and standards
  • Positive/resilient temperament

Competence

  • Social competencies
  • Self efficacy

Creativity

  • Problem-solving skills
  • Flexibility

Optimism

  • High expectations by community, family, school, and self
  • Optimistic

Program Resources:

Annual Cost:

The annual cost range of the program is less than $25,000 or less than $500 per student.

Funding Sources Include:

Program Staff Includes:

State Agencies
Local/City/County Agencies
School Districts
Foundations
Donations
Organizations/Agencies

Teachers
Counselors

Materials Used:

Supporting / Partner Organizations:

Instructional Texts/Manuals

State Migrant Education Departments

Evaluation Information:

How evaluation data was collected:
Data collected and analyzed at school/district level
Data collected and analyzed at state or organizational level